Intestinal worms in humans: symptoms of helminthiasis in adults

If earth worms in humans, symptoms will be determined by their view, the location and the severity of the infestation. Worms is a collective term that bind to, the main parasitic mode of life. About 200 species of earthworms can live in the body of the man.

intestinal worms in humans

The clinical manifestations of helminth

Helminthic infestations are detectable in people of all ages. In the risk group are small children. This is due to the not up to the end of trained hygiene skills and of the visit of organized groups (schools, kindergartens). Intestinal worms are parasites that live in the different organs. There are 3 major groups of parasitic worms:

  • geo-helminths;
  • bio-helminth;
  • contact.

The signs of the appearance of the worms are not always available. It is perhaps then, when in the body live isolated from the individual. Helminths in adults and children have more parasites in the intestine. Less affects other organs (lungs, liver, bladder, lymph vessels of the skin, brain, bile ducts). Most often, people meet helminthiasis:

  • ascariasis;
  • beef tapeworm infection;
  • echinococcosis;
  • opisthorchiasis;
  • difillobotrioz;
  • anguillulose;
  • gimenolepidoz;
  • the trichinosis.

When the worms symptoms depend upon the stage of the disease. We distinguish acute and chronic phase of development helminths. The more clear signs of the presence of helminths are expressed at an early stage, when there is an awareness of the body. The acute phase lasts 2 weeks to several months. In this period, most often develop an allergic reaction is an immune system response to the implementation of the parasites.

The chronic phase can last for years. Some worms (cestodes) live in the body of a man 10 to 20 years, leading to serious consequences. The signs of worms in adults appear after contact with eggs. Least in the body of the man are taught to the living of the larva. Contamination is possible through feed products (non-washed vegetables, fruits, raw meat or fish), water, or direct contact with the patient. How to view the intestinal worms in man, knows every doctor.

The clinical manifestations in the acute phase

The first signs of the disease appear not immediately, but after a few days. The symptoms of helminth infection in adults appear after an incubation period of the disease. On average, it is established 2-3 weeks. In some parasites, it lasts up to 1.5 years. Helminth infections may develop allergic reactions. They occur in the first few weeks after infection. The earthworms in the process of growth and development secrete toxic substances that cause intoxication of the organism.

The allergic reactions manifest themselves as redness, swelling, coughing, itchy skin. In severe cases of developing asthma and bronchitis. The rash is a reaction of the body in response to emissions of histamine, which is proving to be an accumulation of blood and the removal of the epidermis. Some helminths (Trichinella) to cause severe allergic reactions in the form of a swollen face and a rash. The latter happens papular and by type of urticaria. When the presence of intestinal worms in humans symptoms and treatment are determined by the physician.

Serious reactions may develop on the background of the echinococcosis. This happens because the rupture of cysts. In this case, there is a risk of developing an anaphylactic shock and death. The symptoms of the infection by the worms in the acute phase include not only allergies. Often patients increases the temperature of the body. When infestation is massive deteriorates a total well-being. We often observe symptoms catarrhal. At the acute form ascariasis often appear cough, and chest pain.

The signs of helminthes in the chronic phase

In the presence of helminths in adults the symptoms depend on the location of the parasite. In a chronic stage identifies the symptoms of an infection by parasites:

the signs of worms
  • chair unstable;
  • the distension of the abdomen;
  • of the pain;
  • a decrease or increase in appetite;
  • the pain in the muscles and joints.

Helminths are intestinal human secrete substances that disrupt the process of digestion. Earthworms feed by his master, and that in the body of a shortage of these compounds. Worms parasites result in the overgrowth of. Infestation by the worm is often accompanied by a liquid chair.

Less likely to develop constipation. It is possible with the occlusion of the intestine of the worms. Helminth infections lead to a decrease of immunity. This impact is particularly evident in children. It is proven that the infestation by the worm, reducing the effectiveness of the vaccination. Not all worms live in the gut. Often affects the liver, biliary tract and the lungs.

Signs of intestinal worms in humans include neurological disorders. The greater the intensity of the infestation, all the more pronounced symptoms of the nervous system. The toxins produced in the process of the life of the parasites cause headaches, dizziness, weakness, decreased performance. In severe cases develop a migraine.

Symptoms of helminth infection include inattention, insomnia, distraction. Patients often become irritable. Infected children are poor and can't focus. Infestation by the worm in the chronic form is often led to the development of the astenovegetativnogo syndrome. Helminth parasites may be the cause of the development of anemia. Often develop a hypovitaminosis. They manifest skin dryness, cracking, fragility of nails and hair, of hemophilia.

Symptoms of an infection with pinworms

The symptoms of worms in humans are known to every physician. The most common helminths are the pinworms. It is a verse of elongated shape with pointed tip. They reach a length of 1 see the First signs of worms appear a few days after the infection. The acute phase lasts about a week.

What appear to, does not know it all. People get in close relations with the sick. The transmission factors can be of all the elements, on which there are eggs of the parasite. More common in young children and students. In the acute phase of the symptoms of the presence of intestinal worms in humans include abdominal pain, diarrhoea, discomfort, nausea, flatulence.

The presence of these signs in factors of disorders:

  • the mechanical action of the parasite on the intestinal wall;
  • the selection of toxins;
  • an allergic reaction;
  • disorders of the digestion.

The symptoms of worms in adults are often absent. Long-term infestation of parasites, leads to itching, the reinforcement of pain complaints and neurological. Small children tire quickly, permanently, and weep the drags. In girls, these helminths can cause the development of vulvovaginitis. The disease causes inflammation of tolstoy or of the small intestine. The itch-specific symptom of infection by parasites. It appears in the result of irritation of the skin that will be made available to substances.

Heavy infestation can cause the development of appendicitis, dermatitis, eczema and paraproctitis. On the bottom of scratching of the skin are possible septic complications. Established that infection by parasites that are worse during pregnancy and other infectious diseases. If data to a treatment combined with hygiene, it is necessary for the prevention of reinfection.

the symptoms of worms

The clinical manifestations ascariasis

You need to know not only, what is the earthworms, but the most dangerous roundworm. It is the largest worms, reaching a length of 40 cm, They live in the small intestine. The people become oral way. Release early (immigration) and late (intestinal) stage of the disease. The phase of movement of larvae in the body of the man is manifested by the following symptoms:

  • different from the rash;
  • the indisposition;
  • fever;
  • enlargement of the liver and the spleen;
  • excessive sweating;
  • weakness;
  • cough;
  • the pain in the chest.

Frequent manifestation ascariasis — the development of broncho-pulmonary syndrome. In some patients revealed an eosinophilic pneumonia. If ascaris migrate through the lungs, shortness of breath, and listened to the wheezing. During this helminth infections the symptoms of the awareness of the body gradually disappear. Develops late (intestinal) stage. It is characterized by a morning of nausea, diarrhea, weight loss, periodic vomiting, bloating, sleep disorders.

During this helminthic infestations symptoms include cramping, loss of memory and attention. In severe cases in children with psychomotor retardation. Sometimes signs appear. If the treatment of helminths in adults and children is not carried out, it may develop the following complications:

  • cholangitis;
  • intestinal obstruction;
  • the perforation;
  • appendicitis;
  • peritonitis;
  • acute inflammation of the pancreas;
  • lesions of the liver.

In some cases, the roundworm penetrate in the respiratory tract and lead to strangulation. It is possible with a large number of worms and irrational treatment.

Dangerous roundworm and pregnant women. They can be the cause of a severe form of toxicity, and developmental delays of the child.

The symptoms of the infection, trichinosis

The people who are not sufficiently prepared and made from the meat of sick animals, can be infected with trichinosis. It is a dangerous disease in the group nematosis. These worms are found in the human intestine with food. The greatest danger is the meat of wild animals (boars, bears). The incubation period is 10 to 20 days.

the disease

The larvae Trichinella with a stream of blood from entering the muscle. Determine the presence of worms in the body can be symptoms:

  • the pain in the muscles;
  • fever;
  • edema;
  • the pain of the skin in certain areas;
  • the rash.

In the acute phase of the disease deteriorates a total well-being. Rvle the fever of a bad type. The body temperature reaches 40ºC. The fever is often combined with chills, nausea, and vomiting. The face of patients is inflated. The cause of edema, an allergic reaction. The most often are always astonished. When infestation is massive swelling go down on the torso and limbs.

What are the typical signs of acute trichinosis, known all of the world. Patients often develop allergic conjunctivitis. During the presence in the body of data to symptoms in adults and children include muscle pain,. This is a detail characteristic of trichinosis. The muscles are astonished from the bottom up.

In the case of serious difficulties to traffic. Constant sign of the presence of Trichinella is resistant eosinophilia. The acute form of the infection is characterized by dyspeptic disorders, abdominal pain. If the treatment of worms is not performed, complications develop. On the bottom of the trichinosis may be the defeat of the heart by the type of myocarditis. Often develop a meningo-encephalitis, hepatitis, pneumonia, myositis, pleural effusion. Trichinella can lead to the syndrome.

How to get rid of worms, the patient should tell a doctor.

Tapeworms - signs of infection

People can be infected by bands of pandora. The name of these helminths scientific — cestodes. This group includes the taenia (wave, pig and dwarf). If the data are available for tapeworms in adults, the symptoms often non-specific. A person infected through the consumption of poorly cooked meat of sick animals (pigs, wild boars).

The clinical picture of the infection by the tapeworm presented syndromes:

  • asteno-car;
  • abdominalnim by;
  • dyspeptic.

The onset of symptoms of the disease due to an allergic reaction, the deterioration of the lining of the gut hooks and suckers of the worm, as well as disorders of the digestion. Syndrome asthenoneurotic includes sleep disturbance, mood lability permanent headache. When the teniasis often worried about the pain in the lower abdomen: it is dull and throbbing. Dyspeptic syndrome is manifested by belching, violation of the chair, and discomfort in the abdomen.

In the group of tapeworms air wave tsepen. The contamination of their product during the consumption of beef, is not passed correctly to the heat treatment. These worms of earth will reach 12 m in length. If data of to in the human body are possible for the following symptoms:

  • nausea;
  • heartburn;
  • a suspension of the chair;
  • excessive salivation;
  • discomfort;
  • sleep disorders;
  • the pain in the ileum or epigastric areas;
  • segments of the parasite in the stool.

In patients, a decreased appetite can be replaced by its increase. Very often the beef tapeworm infection asymptomatic. Infection bovine tapeworm leads to a decrease in gastric acidity and anemia. Complications seldom develop. The human body can be the habitat of such a parasite, such as tapeworm, broad. It causes a disease called difillobotrioz. This parasite may reach 10 m or more in length. The method of transmission of the parasite is the raw fish.

treatment

Specific sign of infection intecom wide is the development of B12 deficiency anemia. Asymptomatic period is of 1 to 2 months. This can lead to the development of the obstruction of the food. In severe cases of infestation leads to disruption of the neurological, which is manifested in sensitive and motor disorders. B12 deficiency anemia has symptoms such as dizziness, paleness of the skin, swelling, inflammation of the tongue, pain during meals.

17.11.2018