The parasites live practically in each person, according to the statistics, 95% of which are holders of a "contamination" of the organizations. Studies confirm that little of the "media" know it. On what types of worms are, as and when they lay eggs, we consider in this article.
What is the parasite?
Helminths or worms is one of the parasitic worms found in the bodies of animals, humans and even in plants. Germs of this disease are helminths.
These include the following:
Humanity knows more than 280 diseases caused by helminthic parasites. Some pathogens live and reproduce in the stomach and the intestine of man, other – mainly in the lungs, the liver, the joints and the muscles.
The most common helminthic diseases of man are considered:
- Called pinworms – small parasitica, which reach the length, not more than 1 see the Representatives of pinworms mainly active at night, the female parasitoids are crawling in the rectum, which fall on the surface of the skin below the area of the groin, where neatly and lay their eggs in the folds of the skin, but perish. This is due to the fact that the duration of life of the parasites is not more than 2 months.
- The disease ascariasis is due to the presence of pathogens – large to ascarids. The length of the parasites of more than 20 cm, and they live in the small intestine of man. For this reason, it is impossible to identify in kalovyh weights and the time to start the treatment.
Helminth parasites in the natural environment
For the continuation and development of his kind of parasites, when leaving the "source" of a host, they seek another or go for the reproduction in the environment.
The process of transition to from a source of energy and power to the other (media) is determined by the cycle of the parasites of man to man or from animal to man.
The characterization of the method of transmission, emit:
When the female parasites penetrate into the body of man or animal, they have a day to lay up to 250 thousand eggs. The eggs helminthic parasites are covered with special shells, thanks to which insensitive to the environment impact.
The growth and development of eggs occurs during a week to two months, depending on the habitat.The larva helminth in the human gastrointestinal tract, it is under the action of the juice, which neutralizes the envelope, that the liberation of the larva. The larva, that is to say, already this parasite absorbed in the blood vessels of the wall of the intestine. The process of blood circulation promotes the circulation of the larva, that is to say, transfers helminth through the circulatory system. Therefore, the proliferation of the parasites in all organs. However, their activity takes place exclusively in the pulmonary alveoli, the larvae feeding on blood, grow and multiply. Sprung up to the individual to rise in the bronchi and develops the first symptom of the cough, in which the larva penetrates in nasopharynx in the intestine, where more and more.
Adult representative ascarids increased by up to one year, every day by delivering eggs, delivering fecal the masses.
The disease caused by the development in the body helminth, called helminthiasis.
Before settling permanently in the department of the body and lay eggs, "wandering" in the body of the larva seek own blood. Therefore, they bear the name of "clean кровососы", because in addition to the blood of man or of the animal that they nothing do not feed.In the danger zone before all the lungs and bronchi, as a result, of the injuries of the disease:
- A pleural effusion.
End up their development individuals helminthic parasites in the departments of the gastrointestinal tract, where females lay their last larvae. When they come out of the man's body with fecal masses, they continue their development in the country. Thus, the cycle of the parasites.
The development and reproduction of parasites
To ascarids almost all hermaphrodites, it is only a small percentage of individuals, nematodes or раздельнополые. In the process of several stages of development, the parasite succeeds 3-4 owners or sources of energy, power and life. Among the animals, the helminths choose ungulates, or predators, they can live, not loved tlaga eggs.
The parasites are "living" in man, with the body of the host immunological relationship, due to the fact that fully depend on the immunity and of the body.
The contamination of human helminthic parasites
The contamination of human helminthic parasites occurs mainly because of the lack of hygiene. If it is not washing the hands after the earthworks, to consume dirty, non-processed or non-processed fruits, berries and vegetables. In addition, an important role in the contamination of the play insects, such as flies, which are vectors of eggs of helminths.
Enhancers, helminthic diseases are found in the bodies of humans by animals or through dirty pool when swimming.
In a healthy organism, when the parasites "componere", they should undergo a triple barrier of immune defense, which is not a body. It is in this case, to develop and grow to reach sexual maturity of the individuals.
The symptoms of development in the body helminthic parasites
Throughout the development of the body helminthic parasites, man has little signátum of waste to the earth. Thus a man would be observed:
- Cheers to the fatigue;
- The weakness of appetite;
- Constant mood changes;
- Headache, migraine;
- Imbalance of the digestive system;
- Anal itching;
- The rash.
The bleeding were due to the fact that parasites, such as hookworms there are special glands on the tip of the teeth, the contributors of the enzyme anti-coagulant.
Passing the circle in the person of the heart, the lungs, the heart, the parasites can live up to 200 days.
Once in the body of a man observed a large number helminthic individuals, that day may drink more than 1 litre of blood. The product of earthworms is destructive toxic liquid, released into the blood.
During the terminal phase of development of the parasite there was a marked anemia, which is expressed in physical and mental weakness, signátum, the sharp deterioration of the appearance, tachycardia and oedema feet, may also manifest heart failure.
In women, menstrual cycle disorders and failures in the rhythm of the body, and the men suffer from the loss of the "men of activity".
When children and adolescents, in the body of the parasites, most often the following symptoms appear:
- the eating of clay, sand;
- lick metal objects;
- use the ash, the brick.
Infection through the skin occurs after the sleeping on the grass, at work and games with the earth. The space, which penetrate the larvae of parasites are all signs of dermatitis of the skin and are called "soil itch" or "the land of the gale".
In the case where the contamination of humans occurs through the zone of stop, a place of passage will be mainly observed in the area of interdigital folds. In this area of penetration may be covered with blisters, itching, scabiem, and have red edges.
The symptoms of the infestation is showing up on the pidermes, visible for 2 weeks.
There are parasites?
The symptoms and manifestations of diseases caused by the presence in the body of the man helminthic parasites, occur and occur as a function of the type, the degree of invasion and development of pathogens, as well as the individual response of each person.
The first symptoms it is easy to the deterioration of the state, poor sleep, insomnia possible. In this case, not the money, tightening, and immediately seek medical attention to the portion of the special analyses and research.
In its advanced form, the symptoms helminthic pathogens occur together or alternating diarrhea and was replaced by vomiting and constipation.
The presence in the body of pinworms is characterized by a burning sensation and itching in the region of the anus, and extends over the area of the perineum.
That dangerous helminthic parasites to humans?
During helminthic diseases accompanied by constipation and incommoditas sensations in the abdomen, which is necessarily present bloating, it is recommended to seek the help and advice of a specialist. This is due to the fact that this kind of symptom, demonstrates the evolution of the intestinal obstruction.
Complex the degree of development of diseases, launched the form, accompanied by problems with the nervous system.
ascariasis and this kind of disease, presence of cough.
The diagnosis of the presence in the body of the parasites
In the case of an infestation helminthic pathogens, or at the onset of the first symptoms of infection, make sure you pass an audit and tests in a health centre. The development of the body helminthic parasites, simply defined painless to stool examination for the eggs of helminths.
To confirm the diagnosis, the analysis can be repeated two or more times.
The treatment of helminthiasis, and the symptoms of their impact on the body
On the basis of this that the helminths and helminthic parasites is a very broad concept, which includes many sub-species and varieties, for the treatment of each individual can be used tablets or decoctions, candles or the surgical intervention. the essential in the smooth and efficient processing is set correctly to the type of parasitica from the body.
Prevention of disease helminthic
- Is not recommended to bathe in the waters of stagnant water.
- Meat and fish must pass a thermal treatment.
- Fruits and vegetables, thoroughly wash them before eating.
- The personal hygiene.
The earthworms is not uncommon for a man, but respecting the rules of personal hygiene, the risk of infection can be reduced to a minimum. If necessary, the treatment and the dosage of drugs is to prescribe the doctor, after the passage of the survey and analysis.